Istanbul is expanding rapidly with new developments and tourism infrastructure which has increased the capacity to welcome and accommodate ever higher visitor numbers. Exciting up-and-coming projects include Istanbul Grand Airport which consists of a total of 6 runways, 16 taxiways, 4 terminals connected with a railway system, 165 aircraft passenger bridges at all terminals, 6.5 million m2 apron with 500 aircraft parking capacity, 3 maintenance building, 8 air traffic control towers, a car park with a capacity of about 70,000 vehicles, a clinic, a fire department, hotels, a convention center, and recycling and waste disposal plants, is now being constructed at the Istanbul’s Northwestern side on an area of 7,659 hectares. The airport will provide a capacity of 150 million passengers; the world’s largest in terms of the passenger volume. It is expected to be completed in 2019.
Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge (The third bridge along the Bosphorus) is part of the projected 260km long “Northern Marmara Motorway”, which will bypass urban areas of Istanbul in the North connecting Silivri district in the West and Hendek area in the East. When it completed in 2015, whose budgeted cost of construction is approx. US$2.5 billion, will be the longest combined motorway/railway bridge of the world and world’s 9th longest suspension bridge. Furthermore it will be a connection to Grand Airport.
The Eurasia Tube Tunnel Project (Istanbul Strait Road Tube Crossing Project), whose foundations were cast in 2011, will connect the Asian and European sides via a highway tunnel going underneath the seabed and 1 km south of Marmaray Rail link.