Istanbul has an extensive public transport network with its highway, rail and funicular systems and sea transport services.
Frequently used all around the city, buses are an economic means of transport.
Carrying, the private laned express bus service metrobus carries 700 thousands of passengers daily without passing within a traffic mass; provides fast and comfortable transportation between Söğütlüçeşme on the Asian side and Beylikdüzü on the European side.
For more information: http://www.iett.gov.tr/en/main/pages/metrobus/158
Subway and Tram
Istanbul’s subway operates from Hacıosman to the Şişhane Station at Beyoğlu (M2); from Kirazlı to Olimpiyatköy (M3) and from Kadıköy to Kartal on the Asian Side. As for the tramline; this practical transportation facility operates from Bağcılar to Kabataş (T1), Habibler to Topkapı (T4), Kabataş to Taksim (F1) and Yusufpaşa to Esenler and Atatürk Airport (M1).
For more information: http://www.istanbul-ulasim.com.tr/
Istanbul has a large railway network comprising both Asian (between Sirkeci and Halkalı) and European (between Haydarpaşa and Pendik) sides. To access the trains you can use either IstanbulCard, Akbil (the smart ticket) or tokens. There are also fast trains and normal trains leaving from Pendik station to other major cities in Turkey. To reach other cities most of the lines make a change in Ankara. The major cities reachable by railways include Adana, Afyon, Ankara, Balıkesir, Bandırma, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Eskişehir, İzmir, Kars, Kayseri, Konya, Malatya and Van.
For more information: http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/
Dolmuş is a kind of shared taxi with specific fixed and extensive route and a specific fee. There are many Dolmuş routes in the city. One of the commonly used line is the Taksim – Kadıköy line, which is one of the few routes crossing the Bosphorus from both sides and the line is crowded almost in every hour of the day as it is way cheaper then taking a cab.
Cab / Taxi
Istanbul’s taxis are yellow lighted with TAKSI signs on top. Taxis can easily be found all around the city. In addition, there are many taxi stops around the city near most crowded places, hotels, restaurants and touristic spots where they can be acquired easily by phone. There is also a mobile application “taximetre” where you can easily call a cab and calculate the approximate fee for the trip.
Ferry and sea bus
There are many ferry and sea-bus stations in Istanbul connecting the Bosphorus shores, Golden Horn, Prince’s Islands and other areas throughout the city. ‘Vapur’ (big ferries) are connecting the main areas with each ferry leaving in 30 min. or 45 min. periods from 07:00am in the morning untill 10:00pm in the evening. Where the small ferries of ‘Dentur Avrasya’ or ‘TURYOL’ are connecting the same areas with smaller boats departing in every 5- 15 min. periods. Thus the massive city traffic can easily be avoided with an incredible sightseeing opportunity. There are also sea-bus routes that enables public transportation from Istanbul to main areas within the city limits and/or the cities around the Marmara Sea.
The Stations for the big ferries are as follows:
– A. HİSARI, A.KAVAĞI, A.KÖY, A.SARAY, BEBEK, BEŞİKTAŞ, BEYKOZ, BEYLERBEYİ, BOSTANCI, BURGAZADA, BÜYÜKADA, ÇENGELKÖY, ÇUBUKLU, EMİNÖNÜ, EMİRGAN, EYÜP, HASKÖY, HAYDARPAŞA, HEYBELİADA, İSTİNYE, KABATAŞ, KADIKÖY, KANDİLLİ, KANLICA, KARAKÖY, KASIMPAŞA, KINALIADA, KÜÇÜKSU, ORTAKÖY, PAŞABAHÇE, R.KAVAĞI, SARIYER, SÜTLÜCE, ÜSKÜDAR
For more information: http://www.sehirhatlari.com.tr/en/
The stations for Dentur Avrasya Ferries are as follows:
– BEBEK, BEŞİKTAŞ, EMİNÖNÜ, PRİNCE’S ISLANDS, ÜSKÜDAR,
For more information: http://www.denturavrasya.com/index.asp
The stations for TURYOL Ferries are as follows:
– EMİNÖNÜ, HAYDARPAŞA, KADIKÖY, KARAKÖY, ÜSKÜDAR For more information: http://www.turyol.com/en/index.asp
The Sea-bus terminals to travel within Istanbul are as follows: – BAKIRKÖY, BOSTANCI, KABATAŞ, KADIKÖY, MALTEPE, PRİNCE’S ISLANDS, YENİKAPI
The Sea-bus terminals in the cities around the Marmara Sea are as follows: ARMUTLU, AVŞA ISLAND, BANDIRMA, BURSA, ÇINARCIK, ESENKÖY, KUMLA, MARMARA ISLAND, YALOVA
For more information: http://www.ido.com.tr/en
The dream of connecting the two continents under the sea has come true in February 2014 with Marmaray in İstanbul. The “Marmaray Train System” is a 76 kilometers tube tunnel that enables passengers to pass under the Marmara inner sea with train in only a couple of minutes. Between the last stops; Kazliçeşme in European side and Ayrılık Çeşmesi in Asian side, one can enjoy the travelling of changing continents. Zeytinburnu stop is 10 kilometers to the Atatürk International Airport and from the Yenikapi stop (also in European side) there are sea busses to southern parts of Turkey.
The city has an integrated electronic ticket system which uses smart RFID cards called IstanbulCard. It’s a contactless smart card used at public transport in the city and can be acquired at major transport interchanges. The main benefit of IstanbulCard is to save time and money while travelling. The easy to use and easy to obtain reasonably priced IstanbulCard may be used in any public transportation throughout the city eith the benefit of cheaper rates compared to buying a ticket or token. Also, the card can be loaded at special machines or some kiosques which can be found almost in every main bus stations and ferry stations.
For more information: http://www.iett.gov.tr/en/main/pages/transportation-cards/147