Istanbul offers a huge network of public transportation. With city busses and railways such as subway, tram systems and Marmaray, Istanbul offers plenty options to get around the city. As the Bosphorus divides the city into two parts, the ferries and sea-busses also become a practical means of daily transportation.Yet the whole system can easily be accessed with a single transportation card – Istanbulkart.
Bus & Metrobus
Frequently used all around the city, buses are an economic means of transport.
Carrying, the private laned express bus service metrobus carries 700 thousands of passengers daily without passing within a traffic mass; provides fast and comfortable transportation between Söğütlüçeşme on the Asian side and Beylikdüzü on the European side.
For more information: http://www.iett.gov.tr/en/main/pages/metrobus/158
Subway and Tram
Istanbul’s subway and the tram system have a wide network and provide easy access to your desired point both in Asian and European sides. İstanbul’s subway operates from Hacıosman to yenikapi (M2); from Aksaray – Atatürk Airport to Kirazlı (M1) and from Kirazlı to Olimpiyatköy (M3) on the European side. Also subway runs from Kadıköy to Kartal (M4) on the Asian Side. The tramline operates from Bağcılar to Kabataş (T1), Habibler to Topkapı(T4), Kabataş to Taksim (F1). There also a funicular system that runs tween Kabataş and Taksim (F1).
For more information: http://www.istanbul-ulasim.com.tr/
Istanbul has a large railway network comprising both Asian (between Sirkeci and Halkalı) and European (between Haydarpaşa and Pendik) sides. To access the trains you can use either İstanbulCard, Akbil (the smart ticket) or tokens. There are also fast trains and normal trains leaving from Söğütlüçeşme station to other major cities in Turkey. To reach other cities most of the lines make a change in Ankara. The major cities rachable by railways include Adana, Afyon, Ankara, Balıkesir, Bandırma, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Eskişehir, İzmir, Kars, Kayseri, Konya, Malatya and Van.
For more information: http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/
Dolmuş is a kind of shared taxi with specific fixed and extensive route and a specific fee. There are many Dolmuş routes in the city. One of the commonly used line is the Taksim – Kadıköy line, which is one of the few routes crossing the Bosphorus from both sides and the line is crowded almost in every hour of the day as it is way cheaper then taking a cab.
Cab / Taxi
Istanbul’s taxis are yellow lighted with TAKSI signs on top. Taxis can easily be found all around the city. In addition there are many taxi stops around the city near most crowded places, hotels, restaurants and touristic spots where they can be acquired easily by phone. There is also a mobile application “taximetre” where you can easily call a cab and calculate the approximate fee for the trip.
Ferry and sea bus
To see historical sides of the city and travel fast between Europe and Asia, one of the best options would be ferries with an incredible sightseeing opportunity.There are many ferry and sea-bus stations connecting the Bosphorus shores, Golden Horn, Prince’s Islands and other areas. “Vapur” (big ferries) connect the main areas with each ferry leaving in 30 min. or 45 min. from 07:00 am until 11:00 pm. The small ferries of operate with smaller boats departing every 5- 15 min. There are also sea-bus routes that enables public transportation from İstanbul to main areas within the city limits and/or the cities around the Marmara Sea.
The Stations for the big ferries are as follows:
– A. HİSARI, A.KAVAĞI, A.KÖY, A.SARAY, BEBEK, BEŞİKTAŞ, BEYKOZ, BEYLERBEYİ, BOSTANCI, BURGAZADA, BÜYÜKADA, ÇENGELKÖY, ÇUBUKLU, EMİNÖNÜ, EMİRGAN, EYÜP, HASKÖY, HAYDARPAŞA, HEYBELİADA, İSTİNYE, KABATAŞ, KADIKÖY, KANDİLLİ, KANLICA, KARAKÖY, KASIMPAŞA, KINALIADA, KÜÇÜKSU, ORTAKÖY, PAŞABAHÇE, R.KAVAĞI, SARIYER, SÜTLÜCE, ÜSKÜDAR
For more information: http://www.sehirhatlari.com.tr/en/
The stations for Dentur Avrasya Ferries are as follows:
– BEBEK, BEŞİKTAŞ, EMİNÖNÜ, PRİNCE’S ISLANDS, ÜSKÜDAR,
For more information: http://www.denturavrasya.com/index.asp
The stations for TURYOL Ferries are as follows:
– EMİNÖNÜ, HAYDARPAŞA, KADIKÖY, KARAKÖY, ÜSKÜDAR For more information: http://www.turyol.com/en/index.asp
The Sea-bus terminals to travel within İstanbul are as follows: – BAKIRKÖY, BOSTANCI, KABATAŞ, KADIKÖY, MALTEPE, PRİNCE’S ISLANDS, YENİKAPI
The Sea-bus terminals in the cities around the Marmara Sea are as follows: ARMUTLU, AVŞA ISLAND, BANDIRMA, BURSA, ÇINARCIK, ESENKÖY, KUMLA, MARMARA ISLAND, YALOVA
For more information: http://www.ido.com.tr/en
The dream of connecting the two continents under the sea has come true in February 2014 with Marmaray in İstanbul. The “Marmaray Train System” is a 76 kilometers tube tunnel that enables passengers to pass under the Marmara inner sea with train in only a couple of minutes. Between the last stops; Kazliçeşme in European side and Ayrılık Çeşmesi in Asian side, one can enjoy the travelling of changing contintens. Zeytinburnu stop is 10 kilometers to the Atatürk International Airport and from the Yenikapi stop (also in European side) there are sea busses to southern parts of Turkey.
The city has an integrated electronic ticket system which uses smart RFID cards called İstanbulKart. It’s a contactless smart card used at public transport in the city and can be acquired at major transport interchanges. The main benefit of İstanbulKart is to save time and money while travelling. The easy to use and easy to obtain reasonably priced İstanbulKart may be used in any public transportation throughout the city eith the benefit of cheaper rates compared to buying a ticket or token. Also, the card can be loaded at special machines or some kiosques which can be found almost in every main bus stations and ferry stations.
For more information: http://www.iett.gov.tr/en/main/pages/transportation-cards/147